The Development of Adaptive Learning Application to Facilitate Students with Dyslexia in Learning Malay Language


  • Siti Suhaila Abdul Hamid
  • Novia Admodisastro
  • Abdul Azim Abd. Ghani
  • Azrina Kamaruddin
  • Noridayu Manshor


Students with dyslexia are described as regularly having difficulty in language processing skills such as phonology, spelling, reading, and/ or writing. This difficulty is not only affecting their learning but may reflect their engagement behaviour in class. As an intervention, traditionally teacher will assess the student and assign them to a designated class according to their difficulty level. In addition, the teacher will also use multiple learning interventions such as multisensory materials and education application during class to attract the student’s attention. However, it is challenging for the teacher to personalise the intervention individually based on their cognitive and engagement level. Despite the variety of materials used, it is difficult to constantly observe and maintainstudent’sengagement without the teacher's intervention.This research, therefore, issuggesting a computer-based application that utilizes an adaptation of cognitive and engagement to support teacher’s role.Hence, in this paper, we introduce the ALMo-DML to facilitate the learning ofthe Malay languagefor students with dyslexia. ALMo-DML is an adaptive learning approach that considers both the cognitive and engagement states of the students and intervenes with the learning automatically. This paper describes the concept of adaptation in the ALMo-DML, methodology, and the development of the application.