Effect of Withdrawal Behaviourson Organizational Performance: A Study of Selected Private Universities in Edo State, Nigeria


  • Joy Itoya, Cletus A. Owuze, Peter A. Akhator


The study examined the effect of employee withdrawal behaviours on organizational performance, using selected private universities in Edo State, Nigeria as the study area. The relevant literature was reviewed in four distinct sections of conceptual review, theoretical framework, theoretical exposition and empirical review. The design for the study was descriptive survey. Major statistical tools of analysis include summary statistics, Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis through the use of SPSS 23.0 software package. Preliminary results of the analysis showed that with the F-Statistic of 20.494 and P 0.000 < 0.05, the model is statistically significant and therefore fit and valid for predictions. The regression coefficient of 0.529 showed that 52.9 percent relationship exists between the dependent and independent variables. Similarly, the coefficient of determination of 0.408 showed that 40.8 percent variation in the dependent variable can be explained by the independent variables. Major finding showed that three components of withdrawal behaviours identified for the study (i.e.,) absenteeism, lateness and presenteeism, have significant negative effect on organizational performance. The study concludes that most of the employees withdrawal behaviours being experienced in the work environment are direct response to how the employees perceive their work environment and treatment they receive from the management. The study recommended among others that the management should monitor to detect the problems causing employee withdrawal behaviours in their organizations with a view to devising means of preventing or reducing them. The management should also try to improve organization’s work environment.