Social and Economic Impacts of the Various Elements that Contribute to Women Glass Ceiling in Higher Education and Administration in Malaysia


  • Sharif Uddin Ahmed Rana
  • Dr. Valliappan Raju


In this modern and sophisticated technological cutting edge era nations are experiencing superior socio-economic progression.Prior importance should be given to the participation of both male and female candidates which can contribute to the development of nation. In Malaysia, women are faced with glass ceiling condition explicitly for their advance career growth, their entrepreneurship, organizational leadership and high ranking position in the academic administrative level. There are many factors of glass ceiling that highlighted by the researcher which are negatively impacts on social and economic affairs in relation with women successful of professional arena.  So, the study is conducted to  explore the communal as well as economic impacts that are apparently related with glass ceiling factors influencing women higher education and administration in Malaysia. The current study endeavors to investigate the socio-economic impact for the existence of glass ceiling through a qualitative approach interviewing successful women from different professional fields and the results are obtained. For example,ladies are not being recognize as a potential candidate for the development process in the society. Women are being demoralized due to stereotype attitude shown by the counterpart in the society. In many families women are considered as only limited to their responsibilities to look after children and family members which restricts women empowerment in the society, the presence of glass ceiling women are not given higher position in the organizational set-up which destroy the creativity women to accomplished any higher responsibilities, various cultures and traditions also play an important role.  This also reduces the leadership quality significantly. Because of these impacts the contribution from the part of women in society is much less and this can affect the growth of nation. Meanwhile, women do not participate freely in the workforce which does not entries productivity and economic progress. The researcher also highlight some other issues that impacts negatively in the economic impacts because of presence of those ceiling progression from interview analysis. Glass ceiling brings a negative impact to women and these demotivates them from doing better things. Therefore, it is necessary for the Malaysian goverment to come up with some policies which will significantly reduce the glass-ceiling presence in Malaysia so that working ladies would contribute for economic and social development head to head with men. Besides, the main stream and social media should play an effective role to mitigate the prevailing glass ceiling conditions in Malaysia.