Systematic Literature Review of Intellectual Capital Components (Multi-View)


  • Mostafa A. Ali, Nazimah Hussin, Ibtihal A. Abed, Bilal Khalid Khalaf, Ayat Nader Abdalghane, Nazahan Qahatan


Global attention has systematically shifted from industrial and retail economy to an information-age economy, meaning that the global economy has transited from the physical capital-based industrial economy to an intellectual capital-based economy. It is considered that the effective use of intellectual capital components which primarily includes knowledge, intellectual property, and relationships. This study is motivated by concerns regarding the intangible nature of intellectual capital. The study focuses mainly on reviewing the relationship between intellectual capital components (human capital, structural capital, relational capital, and social capital). It relies on one of the seminal intellectual capital conceptualizations and from the contingency perspective to determine the effect of culture and trust on the level of the other component of intellectual capital.  The outcomes of this study provide evidence of the relationship of culture with human and structural capital. It is also expected that a greater level of trust will increase the level of intellectual capital.