Analysis of Environmental Adaptation of Flooded Areas in Padang City

  • Helfia Edial, Ratna Wilis, Yudi Antomi, Sutria Desman


Many factors cause flooding in a region, as the main factor is its natural and human factors. In Padang, the land is transformed into a built-up land, as well as more densely populated, coupled with the physical condition of areas prone to flooding. The average annual rainfall studied is 3997 mm/year, with the highest rainfall chart occurring in November, December, and starting to fall in January. The physical characteristics of flooded land soil in Padang city consist mostly of dust between 37.69% to 43.67% and clay between 10.05% to 41.48%, with soil permeability from 1.5  cm/hour to 0.25 cm/hour with slow to very slow category. Meanwhile, community adaptation reduces the risk of flooding in the form of a physical building which is not very significant because the community only cleans drainages from barrier factors, but does not make improvements to their homes or their environment. Social adaptation is in the form of mutual cooperation, only a small part of the community participates, some only help in the form of money as a substitute for mutual cooperation.