Factors Affecting the Design and Application of Er-gonomics Technology in Pumpkin Carving in Order to Inherit Thai Wisdom
Thai wisdom is a body of knowledge that Thai people have continuously developed and trained from one generation to generation to be used to solve problems and improve the quality of life to suit each period of the changing society. It was considered as a cultural heritage that was invaluable to society. The purpose of this article is to study the factors affecting the design and application of Ergonomics Technology in pumpkin carving to inherit Thai wisdom. The study employed the qualitative research methodology as a case study. Data were collected using in-depth interviews in group with key informants including one expert, one specialist and one skillful craftsman, aiming to analyze the factors that affected the design and application of Ergonomics Technology in the final carving of pumpkins. The study indicated internal and external factors affecting the design and application of Ergonomics Technology in pumpkin carving. The internal factors were 1) personal interests, 2) individual aptitude, 3) creativity, 4) planning, 5) personal characteristics, and 6) leadership skills. Meanwhile, the external factors were 1) the necessity of living; 2) geographical condition and environment; 3) beliefs, doctrines, religious principles, and supernatural power; 4) technological progress from the west; and 5) studying willingness. The results of this study shed light on the design and application of modern technology in pumpkin carving to inherit Thai wisdom that emphasized process skills, and products produced from actual performance.