Smart Grid Technologies and Indian Initiative: A Review
Worldwide, energy demand is continuously increasing consequence to rise in population, modernization, and industrialization. Climate change and rising in fossil fuel prices have forced the power sector to look into non-conventional energy sources such as wind, solar, and biomass. The power grids started integrating these renewable energy sources of generations into existing grids which in turn reduced the greenhouse gases and carbon footprint. The intermittent nature of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) generation systems and the bidirectional flow of energy pose anenormous challenge in the management and control of the traditional grid system. The Smart Grid offers an answer to the problems faced by today’s electric grid system by integrating Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Sensing and Control, etc. This paper reviews the Smart Grid technologies, its general infrastructure, features, functionalities, and attributes. It also presents the research activities, difficulties, and issues relating to smart Grid and shows how these advancements have moulded the cutting edge power network and kept on developing and fortify its job in the better arrangement of energy demand and supply. Smart Grid activities in the Indian power sector have additionally been discussed.